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STATES OF MATTER

created Oct 22nd, 12:36 by ABHINAYtej


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328 words
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Matter is made up of small particles. The matter around us exists in three States :-solid, liquid and gas. The forces of attraction between the particles are maximum in solids, intermediate in liquids and minimum in gases. The spaces in between the constituent particles and kinetic energy of particles are minimum in the case of solids, intermediate in liquids and maximum in gases. The arrangement of particles is most ordered in the case of solids, in the case of liquids layers of particles can slip and slide over each other while for gases, there is no order, particles just move about randomly.
    The states of matter are inter-convertible. The state of matter can be changed by changing temperature or pressure. Sublimation is the change of solid state directly to gaseous state without going through liquid state. Deposition is the change of gaseous state directly to solid state without going through liquid state. Boiling is a bulk phenomenon. Particles from the build (whole) of the liquid change into vapour state. Evaporation is a surface phenomenon. Particles from the surface gain enough energy to overcome the forces of attraction present in the liquid and change into the vapour state.
    The rate of evaporation depends upon the surface area exposed to the atmosphere, the temperature, the humidity and the wind speed. Evaporation causes cooling. Latent heat of vaporization is the heat energy required to change 1 kg of a liquified to gas at atmospheric pressure at its boiling point. Latent heat of fusion is the amount of het energy required to change 1 kg of solid into liquid at its melting point. Now scientists are talking of five states of matter. Solid, Liquid, Gas, Plasma mad Bose-Eisnstein Condensate(BEC)
    The plasma consists of super energetic and super excited particles. These particles are in the form of ionized gases. The BEC is formed by cooling a gas of extremely low density, about one-hundred-thousandth the density of normal air, to super low temperature.
 

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