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Maharao Sahib Sri Bhim Singhji ... vs Union Of India And Ors. Etc. Etc on 1 July, 1985

created Oct 14th, 14:14 by Raghav Kumar


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HEADNOTE:
     The Urban    Land (Ceiling and Regulation) Act, 1976 (Act
XXXIII of  1976) is  in force in 17 States and all the Union
Territories in the country. It seeks to impose a  ceiling on
vacant lands  in urban agglomerations having a population of
two lakhs or more and for that purpose classifies such urban
agglomerations in various cities and towns in all the States
and Union  Territories into  four categories  and fixes     the
ceiling limit for each such category.
     The primary  object and purpose of the Act, as its long
title  and   the  Preamble  show,  is  to  provide  for     the
imposition  of     a  ceiling   on  vacant   land      in   urban
agglomerations, for  the acquisition  of such land in excess
of the    ceiling     limit,     to  regulate  the  construction  of
buildings on  such land     for matters  connected there  with,
with a view to preventing the concentration of urban land in
the hands  of a few persons and speculation and profiteering
therein     and  with  a  view  to     bring    about  an  equitable
distribution of land in urban agglomerations to subserve the
common good,  presumably in  furtherance  of  the  Directive
Principles of  State Policy  contained in  Article 39(c) and
(b) respectively.  The enactment  has also  been put  in the
Ninth Schedule    as Item     132 by     the Constitution  (Fortieth
Amendment) Act,     1976; in  other words, the enactment enjoys
the benefit  of protective  umbrella of     both the  articles,
Article 31-B  and 31-C as it stood prior to its amendment by
the Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976.
     By     these    writ  petitions     the  petitioners,  who     are
holders of  vacant  land  in  the  urban  agglomerations  in
various States,     are seeking  to challenge the vires of some
of the    salient provisions  of the  Urban Land    (Ceiling and
Regulation) Act,  1976 (XXXIII of 1976) and since, according
to them,  some of  the impugned     provisions are     pivotal and
non-severable, having  an impact  on its  entire scheme, the
whole Act  is liable  to be struck down as being invalid and
unconstitutional. The  petitioners have,  therefore,  prayed
for  an     order    quashing  notices  issued  to  them  by     the
concerned competent authorities under the Act and a mandamus
directing the  respondents not    to implement  the provisions
thereof against them.
     Dismissing      the     petitions   and    upholding     the
constitutional validity     save and  except section 27(1) by a
majority of partially dissenting on the
validity of sub-sections (1),(2), (3) and the opening  words
of sub-section (4) of section 23), the Court.
^
      
864
     1. The Urban Land (Ceiling and Regulation) Act, 1976 is
constitutionally valid    save and  except section 27(1) in so
far a  it imposes  a restriction on transfer of any urban of
urbanisable land  with a  building or  of a  portion of such
building. which is within the ceiling area.  
     Per Chandrachud. C.J. and P.N. Bhagwati, J.

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