Humayun tomb in the capital Delhi is a masterpiece of great Mughal architecture. Built in the year 1570, the mausoleum holds special cultural significance, as it was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent. Its unique beauty can be said to be inspired by several major architectural innovations, which led to the construction of an incomparable Taj Mahal. In many ways, this building made of magnificent red and white sandstone is as magnificent as the famous love monument of Agra i.e. Taj Mahal. This historical monument was built by Humayun's queen Hamida Banu Begum Haji Begum at a cost of around 1.5 million. It is believed that he designed this mausoleum.
The magnificence of this monument is evident only when entering here through the two-storey entrance. The high vaulted walls of this place divide a square garden into four large squares with water canals between them. Each square is further divided into smaller squares by shorter passages, forming a typical seal garden, the Char Bagh. The fountains here are made with simple but highly developed engineering skills which are very common in India during this period. The last Mughal ruler Bahadur Shah Zafar. Took shelter in the same mausoleum during the First War of Independence in 1857. Many rulers of the Mughal dynasty are buried here. Humayun's wife was also buried here.
The main building in the central hall here is oriented on the north-south axis according to Muslim practice. Traditionally, the body is kept in the north direction by tilting the head, face towards Mecca. The entire dome located here is a full semi circular, which is a special feature of Mughal architecture. This structure is constructed from red sandstone, but black and white marble stone is used here in the boundary lines. Unesco has declared this magnificent masterpiece a world heritage.
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